Lichens & Mosses /Liverworts

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These Pages deal with Lichens and Mosses Bryophytes (scroll to Matrix after Lichens on this Page)
Lichens are Matrixed and Classified as follows



Rhizocarpon petraeum

Netted Shield Lichen
Parmelia sulcata

Cladonia subulata

Lecanora sp

Dog Lichens
Peltigera sp

Cladonia digitata

Oak Moss
Evernia prunastri


Classification Of lichens

Crustose lichens (crusts)

Crustose - stalked/pin lichens (crusts with small pin-head fruits)

Crustose - leprose lichens (powdery crusts)

Squamulose lichens (flakey)

Foliose lichens (leafy)

Fruiticose lichens (shrubby)

The types of lichen


The "body" of a lichen is termed the thallus, and its general shape enables us to group lichens into four broad categories.

Foliose lichens have a flat, leaf-like structure



Useful Links

British Lichen Society

British Lichens


Mosses (Bryophytes) & Liverworts

Springy Turf-moss
Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus

Rough-stalked Feather-moss
Brachythecium rutabulum


Grey-cushioned Grimmia
Grimmia pulvinata

Neat Feather-moss
Scleropodium purum

Common Feather-moss
Eurhynchium praelongum

Common Smoothcap

Atrichum undulatum

Common Haircap
Polytrichum commune

Capilary Thread Moss
Bryum capillare

Waved_Silk Moss
Plagiothecium undulatum




Crisp / Bruchi's Pincushion
Ulota crispa/bruchii

Wood Bristle-moss
Orthotrichum affine

Silky Wall Feather-moss
Homalothecium sericeum

Crescent-cup Liverwort
Lunularia cruciata

Spiky Bog-moss
Sphagnum squarrosum


Swan's-neck Thyme-moss
Mnium hornum


Pellia epiphylla

Great Scented Liverwort

Conocephalum cnoicum


Cypress-leaved Plait-moss
Hypnum cupressiforme